From Chapter VIII., The Younger Eleatics
158. Zeno and Pythagoreanism
It will be noted how much clearer the historical position of Zeno becomes if we follow Plato in assigning him to a later date than is usual. We have first Parmenides, then the Pluralists, and then the criticism of Zeno. This, at any rate, seems to have been the view Aristotle took of the historical development.25
21. The view that Zeno's arguments were directed against Pythagoreanism has been maintained in recent times by Tannery (Science hellène, pp. 249 sqq.), and Bäumker (Das Problem der Materie, pp. 60 sqq.).
22. Zeller. p. 589 (Eng. trans. p. 612).
23. Parm., loc. cit.
24. Empedokles has been suggested. He was about the same age as Zeno, indeed (§ 98), and he seems to criticise Parmenides (§ 106), but the arguments of Zeno have no special applicability to his theories. Anaxagoras is still less likely.
25. Arist. Phys. A, 3. 187 a 1 (R. P: 134 b). See below, § 173.
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