Early Greek Philosophy by John Burnet, with Burnet's notes
91. The Dualist Cosmology 93. The Stephanae

From Chapter IV., Parmenides of Elea

92. The Heavenly Bodies
We must now look at the general cosmical view expounded in the Second Part of the poem. The fragments are scanty, and the doxographical tradition hard to interpret; but enough remains to show that here, too, we are on Pythagorean ground. Aetios says:

Parmenides held that there were bands crossing one another48 and encircling one another, formed of the rare and the dense element respectively, and that between these there were other mixed bands made up of light and darkness. That which surrounds them all was solid like a wall, and under it is a fiery band. That which is in the middle of all the bands is also solid, and surrounded in turn by a fiery band. The central circle of the mixed bands is the cause of movement and becoming to all the rest. He calls it "the goddess who directs their course," "the Holder of Lots," and "Necessity. "—Aet. ii. 7. r (R. P. 126).

Burnet's Notes


48. It seems most likely that ἐπαλλήλους here means "crossing one another," as the Milky Way crosses the Zodiac. The term ἐπάλληλος is opposed to παράλληλος.

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